“Damascus is widely believed to be the oldest continuously inhabited city in the world, with evidence of habitation dating back at least 11,000 years. Its location and persistence have made the city a nexus for civilizations come and gone.
The burden of Damascus. Behold, Damascus is taken away from being a city, and it shall be a ruinous heap.
The cities of Aroer are forsaken: they shall be for flocks, which shall lie down, and none shall make them afraid.
The fortress also shall cease from Ephraim, and the kingdom from Damascus, and the remnant of Syria: they shall be as the glory of the children of Israel, saith the LORD of hosts.
And in that day it shall come to pass, that the glory of Jacob shall be made thin, and the fatness of his flesh shall wax lean.
And it shall be as when the harvestman gathereth the corn, and reapeth the ears with his arm; and it shall be as he that gathereth ears in the valley of Rephaim.
Yet gleaning grapes shall be left in it, as the shaking of an olive tree, two or three berries in the top of the uppermost bough, four or five in the outmost fruitful branches thereof, saith the LORD God of Israel.
At that day shall a man look to his Maker, and his eyes shall have respect to the Holy One of Israel.
And he shall not look to the altars, the work of his hands, neither shall respect that which his fingers have made, either the groves, or the images.
In that day shall his strong cities be as a forsaken bough, and an uppermost branch, which they left because of the children of Israel: and there shall be desolation.
Because thou hast forgotten the God of thy salvation, and hast not been mindful of the rock of thy strength, therefore shalt thou plant pleasant plants, and shalt set it with strange slips:
In the day shalt thou make thy plant to grow, and in the morning shalt thou make thy seed to flourish: but the harvest shall be a heap in the day of grief and of desperate sorrow.
Woe to the multitude of many people, which make a noise like the noise of the seas; and to the rushing of nations, that make a rushing like the rushing of mighty waters!
The nations shall rush like the rushing of many waters: but God shall rebuke them, and they shall flee far off, and shall be chased as the chaff of the mountains before the wind, and like a rolling thing before the whirlwind.
And behold at eveningtide trouble; and before the morning he is not. This is the portion of them that spoil us, and the lot of them that rob us.
The Road Thru Damascus |
Damascus is to this day, and yet it will be not.
Are we on the verge of Syriarmageddon?
The interplay of the actors involved in said passages of Psalm 83 and Ezekiel 38 are interesting, considering current events in the region.
The actor sets and their are involvement with each scenario, are mutually exclusive.
History written in advance.
Breaking news enscribed thousands of years ago.
Maybe the most shocking realization is the potential for the redrawing of the map of the Middle East.
Scoffers mocked God’s detailing of the rebirth of State of Israel.
And yet, Israel was reborn and continues to this day, albeit occupying a fraction of the land God promised to Abraham.
As we approach the 70 anniversary of the rebirth of Israel as a nation.
Are we about to witness the rebirth of the original land grant given to Abraham?
State of Israel proclaimed On May 14, 1948,
Damascus, once central to Christianity, lies within the bounds of the original land granted to Abraham.
The Chapel of Saint Paul, said to be Bab Kisan where St. Paul escaped from Old Damascus
See also: Syriac Orthodox Church and Christianity in Syria
Damascus is the capital of Syria and claims to be the oldest continuously inhabited city in the world. According to the New Testament, the Apostle Paul was converted on the Road to Damascus. In the three accounts (Acts 9:1–20, 22:1–22, 26:1–24), he is described as being led by those he was traveling with, blinded by the light, to Damascus where his sight was restored by a disciple called Ananias (who, according to the Catholic Encyclopedia, is thought to have been the first Bishop of Damascus) then he was baptized. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Early_centers_of_Christianity
“Paul was hardly the only one who spread Christianity throughout the region.
“By evangelizing all of what is now Syria, Iraq and the whole of the Levant was Christian at the time of the first Muslim invasion in the 7th century that slaughtered and enslaved Christians,” Murray told WND. “Descendants of those won to Jesus by the saints such as Paul, Peter, Timothy and John have survived to modern times.”
Murray, whose organization advocates for the rights and protection of Middle Eastern Christians, said the disappearance of this population from its birthplace could have wide-ranging consequences.
“The significance of the loss of Christians in the Middle East is that they represent the roots and trunk of the tree planted by the Lord,” Murray said. “The church in America is merely one of the branches of that tree. Allowing the tree to be destroyed will lead to the spiritual death of the branches as well.
“For the secular West, the death of the church in the Middle East means that regimes, particularly those run by royal families, will become even more extreme in Islamic fundamentalism, as Christians have traditionally been the moderating force.”
Murray, who authored the book “Utopian Road to Hell: Enslaving America and the World with Central Planning,” said moderation is the chief benefit a sizable Christian population brings to Middle Eastern countries.
“The more Christians in a nation, the less Islamic extremism that nation has,” he emphasized. “Egypt has the largest Christian population and the least extremism. Syria also has a large Christian population. However, Saudi Arabia, which is 100 percent Muslim, chops off heads at a record rate and treats women as property.”
Although comparatively low birthrates have contributed to the decline of the Christian population, it’s mostly a matter of emigration. Christians have been fleeing the Middle East, driven away by ISIS and by governments the U.S. considers allies in the “War on Terror.” http://www.wnd.com/2017/05/christianity-being-kicked-out-of-its-birthplace/#PIzHxMGpBUqEwcQq.99
Israel, driven like a dagger between its surrounding nation states, symbolically splits the map of the Middle East, is set to be redrawn again.
[[A Song or Psalm of Asaph.]] Keep not thou silence, O God: hold not thy peace, and be not still, O God.
For, lo, thine enemies make a tumult: and they that hate thee have lifted up the head.
They have taken crafty counsel against thy people, and consulted against thy hidden ones.
They have said, Come, and let us cut them off from being a nation; that the name of Israel may be no more in remembrance.
For they have consulted together with one consent: they are confederate against thee:
The tabernacles of Edom, and the Ishmaelites; of Moab, and the Hagarenes;
Gebal, and Ammon, and Amalek; the Philistines with the inhabitants of Tyre;
Assur also is joined with them: they have holpen the children of Lot. Selah.
Do unto them as unto the Midianites; as to Sisera, as to Jabin, at the brook of Kison:
Which perished at Endor: they became as dung for the earth.
Make their nobles like Oreb, and like Zeeb: yea, all their princes as Zebah, and as Zalmunna:
Who said, Let us take to ourselves the houses of God in possession.
O my God, make them like a wheel; as the stubble before the wind.
As the fire burneth a wood, and as the flame setteth the mountains on fire;
So persecute them with thy tempest, and make them afraid with thy storm.
Fill their faces with shame; that they may seek thy name, O LORD.
Let them be confounded and troubled for ever; yea, let them be put to shame, and perish:
That men may know that thou, whose name alone is JEHOVAH, art the most high over all the earth.
It is interesting to note, that the above list of Psalm 83 aggressors, details not only Israel’s immediate bordering neighbors, but Israel’s kinfolk of the lineage of Esau.
Edom – Edom = “red”, Edom, Edomite, Idumean – descendants of Esau, land of Edom, Idumea – land south and south east of Palestine; (Strong’s Definitions Legend) אֱדֹם ʼĔdôm, ed-ome’; or (fully) אֱדוֹם ʼĔdôwm ; from H122; red (see Genesis 25:25); Edom, the elder twin-brother of Jacob; hence the region (Idumaea) occupied by him:—Edom, Edomites, Idumea. https://www.blueletterbible.org/lang/lexicon/lexicon.cfm?t=kjv&strongs=h123
Ishmaelites – Ishmael = “God will hear”, son of Abraham and Sarah’s handmaid Hagar and the progenitor of the Arabian peoples; Yishmâʻêʼl, yish-maw-ale’; from H8085 and H410; God will hear; Jishmael, the name of Abraham’s oldest son, and of five Israelites:—Ishmael. https://www.blueletterbible.org/lang/lexicon/lexicon.cfm?t=kjv&strongs=h3458
Moab – The Moabites were of Semitic stock and of kin to the Hebrews, as is indicated by their descent from Lot, the nephew of Abraham[.] Moab; Moabites: mo’-ab, mo’-ab-its (Moab, mo’abh, Moabite Stone, M-‘-B; Greek (Septuagint) Moab, he Moabeitis, Moabitis; Moabite, mo’abhi; Moabites, bene mo’abh)[.] 1. The Land: Moab was the district East of the Dead Sea, extending from a point some distance North of it to its southern end. The eastern boundary was indefinite, being the border of the desert which is irregular. The length of the territory was about 50 miles and the average width about 30. https://www.blueletterbible.org/search/Dictionary/viewTopic.cfm?topic=IT0006112
Hagarenes – Hagrites: hag’-rits (haghri’im): An Arab tribe, or confederation of tribes (1Ch 5:10,19,20 the King James Version “Hagarites”; 1Ch 27:31 the King James Version “Hagerite”; Ps 83:6 “Hagarenes”), against which the Reubenites fought in the days of Saul. In Ge 25:12-18 are recorded the descendants, “generations,” of Ishmael, “whom Hagar the Egyptian Sarah’s handmaid, bare unto Abraham.” Two, and possibly three, of these tribes, Jetur, Naphish and Kedemah (25:15), appear to be identical with the 3 tribes whom the Reubenites and the other Israelite tribes East of the Jordan conquered and dispossessed (1Ch 5). The correspondence of names in Ge and 1Ch leaves little doubt that “Hagrite” is a generic term roughly synonymous with “Ishmaelite,” designating the irregular and shifting line of desert tribes stretching along the East and South of Palestine. Those “East of Gilead,” “Jetur, Naphish and Nodah,” were overcome by Reuben: “The Hagrites were delivered into their hand, and all that were with them….. And they took away their cattle…. they dwelt in their stead until the captivity” (1Ch 5:20-22). These along with other Arab tribes are mentioned in the inscriptions of Tiglath-pileser III (745-727 BC). Jetur gave his name to the Itureans of Roman times, who were famed soldiers dwelling in Anti-Libanus. Compare Curtis, Commentary on Chronicles; Skinner, “Gen,” ICC, in the place cited. https://www.blueletterbible.org/search/Dictionary/viewTopic.cfm?topic=IT0004010
Gebal – (2) (gebhal; Gobolitis): A district Southeast of the Dead Sea, which is referred to in Ps 83:7 (Hebrew 8) in connection with Moab, Ammon, Amalek and others, as making a covenant together against Israel (compare 1 Macc 5). Robinson (BR, II, 154) found the name Jebal still applied to this region, and Josephus (Ant., II, i, 2) speaks of a Gebalitis as forming part of Idumaea. It is a hilly region, as the modern name signifies, and includes the towns of Shobek and Tolfieh.
ge’-bal (gebhal, “border”; Bublos, and Biblos; Byblus, modern Jebeil):
(1) An ancient Phoenician city, situated on a bluff of the foothills of Lebanon, overlooking the Mediterranean. It was one of the principal seaports of Phoenicia, and had a small but good harbor for small ships. It lies in lat. 34 degrees 8′, nearly, and about 4 miles North of the river Adonis (Nahr Ibrahim). It was regarded as a holy city by the ancients. Philo mentions the tradition that it was founded by Kronos, and was sacred to the worship of Beltis and, later, of Adonis, whose rites were celebrated yearly at the river of the same name and at its source in the mountain, at Apheca (see TAMMUZ).
Ammon – Ammon; Ammonites: am’-on, am’-on-its (ammon; ammonim): The Hebrew tradition makes this tribe descendants of Lot and hence related to the Israelites (Ge 19:38). This is reflected in the name usually employed in Old Testament to designate them, Ben Ammi, Bene Ammon, “son of my people,” “children of my people,” i.e. relatives. Hence we find that the Israelites are commanded to avoid conflict with them on their march to the Promised Land (De 2:19). Their dwelling-place was on the east of the Dead Sea and the Jordan, between the Arnon and the Jabbok, but, before the advance of the Hebrews, they had been dispossessed of a portion of their land by the Amorites, who founded, along the east side of the Jordan and the Dead Sea, the kingdom of Sihon (Nu 21:21-31). […]
They joined the Syrians in their wars with the Maccabees and were defeated by Judas (1 Mac 5:6). Their religion was a degrading and cruel superstition. Their chief god was Molech, or Moloch, to whom they offered human sacrifices (1Ki 11:7) against which Israel was especially warned (Le 20:2-5). This worship was common to other tribes for we find it mentioned among the Phoenicians.
Amalek – Amalek = “dweller in a valley”, son of Eliphaz by his concubine Timnah, grandson of Esau, and progenitor of a tribe of people in southern Canaan, descendants of Amalek, (Strong’s Definitions Legend) עֲמָלֵק ʻĂmâlêq, am-aw-lake’; probably of foreign origin; Amalek, a descendant of Esau; also his posterity and their country:—Amalek. https://www.blueletterbible.org/lang/lexicon/lexicon.cfm?t=kjv&strongs=h6002
Philistines – 1. Race and Origin: The Philistines were an uncircumcised people inhabiting the shore plain between Gezer and Gaza in Southwestern Palestine (see PHILISTIA). The name Palestine itself (Hebrew pelesheth) refers to their country. The word means “migrants,” and they came from another country. They are noticed 286 times in the Old Testament, and their country 8 times. The question of their race and origin is of great importance as affecting the genuine character and reliability of the Bible notices. In Ge 10:14 (1Ch 1:12) they are reckoned with other tribes in Mizraim (Egypt) as descendants of Ham, and as cousins of the old inhabitants of Babylonia (Ge 10:6). They are said to be a branch of the Casluhim-an unknown people-or, according to Septuagint, of the Casmanim, which would mean “shavers of the head”-a custom of the Phoenicians (forbidden to Hebrews as a rule), as known from a picture of the time of Thothmes III in the 16th century BC. They are also connected with the Caphtorim or people of Caphtor, whence indeed they are said to have come (Jer 47:4; Am 9:7). Caphtor was a “shoreland,” but its position is doubtful (see De 2:23); the Caphtorim found an earlier race of Avim living in “enclosures” near Gaza, and destroyed them. In the Septuagint of this passage (and in Am 9:7) Cappadocia stands for Caphtor (Kaphtor), and other versions have the same reading. Cappadocia was known to the Assyrians as kat-pat-uka (probably an Akkadian term-“land of the Kati”), and the Kati were a people living in Cilicia and Cappadocia, which region had a Semitic population side by side with Mengels (see HITTITES) at least as early as the time of Moses. It is very likely therefore that this reading is correct. https://www.blueletterbible.org/search/Dictionary/viewTopic.cfm?topic=IT0006902
Tyre – H6865 – Tsor – Strong’s Hebrew Lexicon (KJV), Pronunciation tsōre (Key), Outline of Biblical Usage [?] Tyre or Tyrus = “a rock” the Phoenician city on the Mediterranean coast Strong’s Definitions [?](Strong’s Definitions Legend) צֹר Tsôr, tsore; or צוֹר Tsôwr; the same as H6864; a rock; Tsor, a place in Palestine:—Tyre, Tyrus. https://www.blueletterbible.org/lang/lexicon/lexicon.cfm?t=kjv&strongs=h6865
Assur – Sherghat, Asshur, Assur – International Standard Bible Encyclopaedia International Standard Bible Encyclopaedia Sherghat, Asshur, Assur: shur’-gat, sher’-gat: The name of the first capital city of Assyria is known by the Arabs as Qala’ at Sherghat, or the Fortress of Sherghat. Its ancient name was Asshur or Assur (Ge 10:11 margin). From it was derived the name of the country, Assyria, and of the people, Assyrians. The date of the founding of the city is not known. Apparently about 2000 BC a colony of Babylonians migrated northward along the Tigris River and settled upon the right shore about halfway between the Upper and Lower Zab, or halfway between the modern cities of Mosul and Bagdad. Assur, the local deity of the place, became the national god of Assyria. It is uncertain whether the deity gave the name to the city, or the city to the deity, but probably an early shrine of Assur stood there, and the people, building their city about it, became known as the Assyrians. At first the city was a Bah dependency, governed by priests from Babylonia https://www.blueletterbible.org/search/Dictionary/viewTopic.cfm?topic=IT0008024
Midianites – H4080 – Midyan – Strong’s Hebrew Lexicon (ESV) Outline of Biblical Usage [?] Midian or Midianite = “strife” n pr m son of Abraham by Keturah and progenitor of the tribe of Midianites or Arabians the tribe descended from Midian n pr loc the territory of the tribe descended from Midian; located principally in the desert north of the Arabian peninsula; land to which Moses went when he fled from Pharaoh
Sisera – Easton’s Bible Dictionary Sisera: (Egypt. Ses-Ra, “servant of Ra”). (1.) The captain of Jabin’s army (Jdg 4:2), which was routed and destroyed by the army of Barak on the plain of Esdraelon. After all was lost he fled to the settlement of Heber the Kenite in the plain of Zaanaim. Jael, Heber’s wife, received him into her tent with apparent hospitality, and “gave him butter” (i.e., lebben, or curdled milk) “in a lordly dish.” Having drunk the refreshing beverage, he lay down, and soon sank into the sleep of the weary. While he lay asleep Jael crept stealthily up to him, and taking in her hand one of the tent pegs, with a mallet she drove it with such force through his temples that it entered into the ground where he lay, and “at her feet he bowed, he fell; where he bowed, there he fell down dead.” https://www.blueletterbible.org/search/Dictionary/viewTopic.cfm?topic=ET0003452
Jabin – Easton’s Bible Dictionary Jabin: discerner; the wise. (1.) A king of Hazor, at the time of the entrance of Israel into Canaan (Jos 11:1-14), whose overthrow and that of the northern chief with whom he had entered into a confederacy against Joshua was the crowning act in the conquest of the land (Jos 11:21-23; Jos 14:6-15). This great battle, fought at Lake Merom, was the last of Joshua’s battles of which we have any record. Here for the first time the Israelites encountered the iron chariots and horses of the Canaanites. (2.) Another king of Hazor, called “the king of Canaan,” who overpowered the Israelites of the north one hundred and sixty years after Joshua’s death, and for twenty years held them in painful subjection. The whole population were paralyzed with fear, and gave way to hopeless despondency (Jdg 5:6-11), till Deborah and Barak aroused the national spirit, and gathering together ten thousand men, gained a great and decisive victory over Jabin in the plain of Esdraelon (Jdg 4:10-16; Psa 83:9). This was the first great victory Israel had gained since the days of Joshua. They never needed to fight another battle with the Canaanites (Jdg 5:31). https://www.blueletterbible.org/search/Dictionary/viewTopic.cfm?topic=ET0001938,HT0001230,IT0004774,NT0002622,BT0002165
Oreb; Zeeb – International Standard Bible Encyclopaedia International Standard Bible Encyclopaedia Oreb; Zeeb: o’-reb, ze’-eb, zeb (‘orebh, “raven,” especially “crow”), and (ze’ebh, “wolf”) (Jud 7:25; 8:3; Ps 83:11, Isa 10:26 (Oreb only)): Two Midianite chieftains captured and beheaded by the Ephraimites, who brought their heads to Gideon. 1. Meaning of Names: As to the meaning of the two names, both words are found in Arabic. Robertson Smith, Kinship, etc. (190 ff, 218 ff), says that the use of the names of animals as names of persons is a relic of totemism. But Noldeke (ZDMG, XL, 160 ff) and others hold that such a use shows a desire that those so named should be as disagreeable to their enemies as the plant or animal which the name denoted. Some again (e.g. Stade, Geschichte, 189 ff) maintain that the two names here are borrowed from localities and not vice versa, as Jud 7:25 implies. If so, we must take the names to be originally two places, apparently in Ephraim, for the words “beyond Jordan” in 7:25 contradict 8:4, where it is said that Gideon came to the Jordan and passed over. Moore (Jgs, 214) suggests that the two localities were near the junction with the Jordan of the stream that comes from Wady Far‘ah. The construction of the Hebrew allows of a translation “the rock (called) Oreb,” and “the winepress (called) Zeeb.” 2. The Battle of Oreb: The account of a battle here is corroborated by Isa 10:26, a verse which mentions the “rock of Oreb,” and suggests that the great defeat of the Midianites took place there (compare Isa 9:4). The passage in Isa 10:24-26 is prose, however, and is said to be late editing (see G.H. Box, Isa, 65). In Ps 83:11(Hebrew 12) there is a prayer that God would make the “nobles” among the Psalmist’s enemies as Oreb and Zeeb. Written by David Francis Roberts https://www.blueletterbible.org/search/Dictionary/viewTopic.cfm?topic=IT0006591
Zebah and Zalmunna – Easton’s Bible Dictionary: man-killer, or sacrifice, one of the two kings who led the vast host of the Midianites who invaded the land of Israel, and over whom Gideon gained a great and decisive victory (Jdg 8). Zebah and Zalmunna had succeeded in escaping across the Jordan with a remnant of the Midianite host, but were overtaken at Karkor, probably in the Hauran, and routed by Gideon. The kings were taken alive and brought back across the Jordan; and confessing that they had personally taken part in the slaughter of Gideon’s brothers, they were put to death (1Sa 12:11; Isa 10:26; Psa 83:11). https://www.blueletterbible.org/search/Dictionary/viewTopic.cfm?topic=ET0003882
Furthermore, it is interesting to take note of the reason for the Ezekiel 38 invasion of Israel in context of Israel being enlarged post Psalm 83.
And the word of the LORD came unto me, saying,
Son of man, set thy face against Gog, the land of Magog, the chief prince of Meshech and Tubal, and prophesy against him,
And say, Thus saith the Lord GOD; Behold, I am against thee, O Gog, the chief prince of Meshech and Tubal:
And I will turn thee back, and put hooks into thy jaws, and I will bring thee forth, and all thine army, horses and horsemen, all of them clothed with all sorts of armour, even a great company with bucklers and shields, all of them handling swords:
Persia, Ethiopia, and Libya with them; all of them with shield and helmet:
Gomer, and all his bands; the house of Togarmah of the north quarters, and all his bands: and many people with thee.
Be thou prepared, and prepare for thyself, thou, and all thy company that are assembled unto thee, and be thou a guard unto them.
After many days thou shalt be visited: in the latter years thou shalt come into the land that is brought back from the sword, and is gathered out of many people, against the mountains of Israel, which have been always waste: but it is brought forth out of the nations, and they shall dwell safely all of them.
Thou shalt ascend and come like a storm, thou shalt be like a cloud to cover the land, thou, and all thy bands, and many people with thee.
Thus saith the Lord GOD; It shall also come to pass, that at the same time shall things come into thy mind, and thou shalt think an evil thought:
And thou shalt say, I will go up to the land of unwalled villages; I will go to them that are at rest, that dwell safely, all of them dwelling without walls, and having neither bars nor gates,
To take a spoil, and to take a prey; to turn thine hand upon the desolate places that are now inhabited, and upon the people that are gathered out of the nations, which have gotten cattle and goods, that dwell in the midst of the land.
Sheba, and Dedan, and the merchants of Tarshish, with all the young lions thereof, shall say unto thee, Art thou come to take a spoil? hast thou gathered thy company to take a prey? to carry away silver and gold, to take away cattle and goods, to take a great spoil?
Therefore, son of man, prophesy and say unto Gog, Thus saith the Lord GOD; In that day when my people of Israel dwelleth safely, shalt thou not know it?
And thou shalt come from thy place out of the north parts, thou, and many people with thee, all of them riding upon horses, a great company, and a mighty army:
And thou shalt come up against my people of Israel, as a cloud to cover the land; it shall be in the latter days, and I will bring thee against my land, that the heathen may know me, when I shall be sanctified in thee, O Gog, before their eyes.
Thus saith the Lord GOD; Art thou he of whom I have spoken in old time by my servants the prophets of Israel, which prophesied in those days many years that I would bring thee against them?
And it shall come to pass at the same time when Gog shall come against the land of Israel, saith the Lord GOD, that my fury shall come up in my face.
For in my jealousy and in the fire of my wrath have I spoken, Surely in that day there shall be a great shaking in the land of Israel;
So that the fishes of the sea, and the fowls of the heaven, and the beasts of the field, and all creeping things that creep upon the earth, and all the men that are upon the face of the earth, shall shake at my presence, and the mountains shall be thrown down, and the steep places shall fall, and every wall shall fall to the ground.
And I will call for a sword against him throughout all my mountains, saith the Lord GOD: every man’s sword shall be against his brother.
And I will plead against him with pestilence and with blood; and I will rain upon him, and upon his bands, and upon the many people that are with him, an overflowing rain, and great hailstones, fire, and brimstone.
Thus will I magnify myself, and sanctify myself; and I will be known in the eyes of many nations, and they shall know that I am the LORD.
The current weaponized immigration policies being used to dilute the West of its Judeo-Christian heritage. Bleeding with blood feuds emanating from deep rooted jealousy toward those blessed by God. Ultimately stemming from unmitigated familial fallout, allowed to fester over millennia. Generational hatred fomenting war after war.
Gog – Gowg, Pronunciation gōhg (Key), Root Word (Etymology) Of uncertain derivation, TWOT Reference: 324, Gog = “mountain”, a Reubenite, son of Shemaiah, the prophetic prince of Rosh, Meshech and Tubal, and Magog
Magog – region of Gog, the second of the “sons” of Japheth (Gen 10:2; 1Ch 1:5). In Ezekiel (Eze 38:2; 39:6) it is the name of a nation, probably some Scythian or Tartar tribe descended from Japheth. They are described as skilled horsemen, and expert in the use of the bow. The Latin father Jerome says that this word denotes “Scythian nations, fierce and innumerable, who live beyond the Caucasus and the Lake Maeotis, and near the Caspian Sea, and spread out even onward to India.” Perhaps the name “represents the Assyrian Mat Gugi, or ‘country of Gugu,’ the Gyges of the Greeks” (Sayce’s Races, etc.). Hitchcock’s Bible Names Dictionary, Magog: covering; roof; dissolving, International Standard Bible Encyclopaedia Magog: ma’-gog (maghogh; Magog): Named among the sons of Japheth (Ge 10:2; 1Ch 1:5). Ezekiel uses the word as equivalent to “land of Gog” (Eze 38:2; 39:6). Josephus identifies the Magogites with the Scythians (Ant., I, vi, 1). From a resemblance between the names Gog and Gyges (Gugu), king of Lydia, some have suggested that Magog is Lydia; others, however, urge that Magog is probably only a variant of Gog (Sayce in HDB). In the Apocalypse of John, Gog and Magog represent all the heathen opponents of Messiah (Re 20:8), and in this sense these names frequently recur in Jewish apocalyptic literature. https://www.blueletterbible.org/search/Dictionary/viewTopic.cfm?topic=ET0002368,HT0001597,IT0005686,NT0003148,BT0002731
Meshech – Mesech: me’-shek, me’-sek (meshekh, “long,” “tall”; Mosoch): Son of Japheth (Ge 10:2; 1Ch 1:5; 1:17 is a scribal error for “Mash”; compare Ge 10:22,23). His descendants and their dwelling-place (probably somewhere in the neighborhood of armenia (Herodotus iii.94)) seem to be regarded in Scripture as synonyms for the barbaric and remote (Ps 120:5; compare Isa 66:19, where Meshech should be read instead of “that draw the bow”). It is thought that the “Tibareni and Moschi” of the classical writers refer to the same people. Doubtless they appear in the annals of Assyria as enemies of that country under the names Tabali and Mushki-the latter the descendants of Meshech and the former those of Tubal to whom the term “Tibareni” may refer in the clause above. This juxtaposition of names is in harmony with practically every appearance of the word in Scripture. It is seldom named without some one of the others-Tubal, Javan, Gog and Magog. It is this which forms a good justification for making the suggested change in Isa 66:19, where Meshech would be in the usual company of Tubal and Javan. Ezekiel mentions them several times, first, as engaged in contributing to the trade of Tyre (Tiras of Ge 10:2?), in “vessels of brass” and-very significantly-slaves; again there is the association of Javan and Tubal with them (Eze 27:13); second, they are included in his weird picture of the under-world: “them that go down into the pit” (Eze 32:18,26). They are mentioned again with Gog and Magog twice as those against whom the prophet is to “set his face” (Eze 38:2,3; 39:1). https://www.blueletterbible.org/search/Dictionary/viewTopic.cfm?topic=IT0005981
Tubal – Lexicon :: Strong’s H8422 – Tuwbal, Transliteration, Tuwbal, Pronunciation, tü·val’ (Key), Part of Speech, proper masculine noun, Root Word (Etymology), Probably of foreign derivation, KJV Translation Count — Total: 8x, The KJV translates Strong’s H8422 in the following manner: Tubal (8x)., Outline of Biblical Usage [?], Tubal = “thou shall be brought”, n pr m, son of Japheth and grandson of Noah, n pr terr, a region in east Asia Minor, perhaps nearly equal to Cappadocia, Strong’s Definitions [?], (Strong’s Definitions Legend), תּוּבַל Tûwbal, too-bal’; or תֻּבַל Tubal; probably of foreign derivation; Tubal, a postdiluvian patriarch and his posterity:—Tubal. Ezekiel 27:13; 38;2, 3; Isaiah 66:19, and Genesis 10:2; Ezekiel 32:26; 39:1, [Tubal], pr. n. the Tibareni, a nation of Asia Minor, dwelling by the Euxine sea, to the west of the Moschi, see No. 3. https://www.blueletterbible.org/lang/Lexicon/Lexicon.cfm?strongs=H8422&t=KJV
Persia – Lexicon :: Strong’s H6539 – Parac, Transliteration, Parac, Pronunciation, pä·ras’ (Key), Part of Speech, proper noun with reference to territory and people, Root Word (Etymology), Of foreign origin, Dictionary Aids, TWOT Reference: 1820, KJV Translation Count — Total: 28x, The KJV translates Strong’s H6539 in the following manner: Persia (27x), Persian (1x)., Outline of Biblical Usage [?], Persia = “pure” or “splendid”, the empire Persia; encompassed the territory from India on the east to Egypt and Thrace on the west, and included, besides portions of Europe and Africa, the whole of western Asia between the Black Sea, the Caucasus, the Caspian and the Jaxartes on the north, the Arabian desert, the Persian Gulf and the Indian Ocean on the south, Persia proper was bounded on the west by Susiana or Elam, on the north by Media, on the south by the Persian Gulf and on the east by Carmania Persian = see Persia “pure” or “splendid”, the people of the Persian empire, Strong’s Definitions [?], (Strong’s Definitions Legend), Pâraç, paw-ras’; of foreign origin; Paras (i.e. Persia), an Eastern country, including its inhabitants:—Persia, Persians. https://www.blueletterbible.org/lang/Lexicon/Lexicon.cfm?strongs=H6539&t=KJV
Libya – Lexicon :: Strong’s H6316 – Puwt, Transliteration, Puwt, Pronunciation, püt (Key), Part of Speech, proper noun with reference to people, Root Word (Etymology), Of foreign origin, KJV Translation Count — Total: 7x, The KJV translates Strong’s H6316 in the following manner: Put (2x), Phut (2x), Libyan (2x), Libya (1x). Outline of Biblical Usage [?], Phut or Put = “a bow”, a nation and people of northern Africa; probably Libyans, Strong’s Definitions [?], (Strong’s Definitions Legend) פּוּט Pûwṭ, poot; of foreign origin; Put, a son of Ham, also the name of his descendants or their region, and of a Persian tribe:—Phut, Put. https://www.blueletterbible.org/lang/lexicon/lexicon.cfm?t=kjv&strongs=h6316
Gomer – Gomer (1): go’-mer (gomer): Given in Ge 10:2 f; 1Ch 1:5 f as a son of Japheth. The name evidently designates the people called Gimirra by the Assyrians, Kimmerians by the Greeks. They were a barbaric horde of Aryans who in the 7th century BC left their abode in what is now Southern Russia and poured. through the Caucasus into Western Asia, causing serious trouble to the Assyrians and other nations. One division moved eastward toward Media, another westward, where they conquered Cappadocia and made it their special abode. They fought also in other parts of Asia Minor, conquering some portions. The Armenian name for Cappadocia, Gamir, has come from this people. In Eze 38:6 Gomer is mentioned as one of the northern nations. Written by George Ricker Berry https://www.blueletterbible.org/search/Dictionary/viewTopic.cfm?topic=IT0003876
Gomer – From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia, Gomer (גֹּמֶר, Standard Hebrew Gómer, Tiberian Hebrew Gōmer, pronounced [ˈɡomeʁ]) was the eldest son of Japheth (and of the Japhetic line), and father of Ashkenaz, Riphath, and Togarmah, according to the “Table of Nations” in the Hebrew Bible (Genesis 10).
The eponymous Gomer, “standing for the whole family,” as the compilers of the Jewish Encyclopedia expressed it, is also mentioned in Book of Ezekiel 38:6 as the ally of Gog, the chief of the land of Magog. The Hebrew name Gomer is widely considered to refer to the Cimmerians (Akkadian Gimirru, “complete”), who dwelt on the Eurasian Steppes and attacked Assyria in the late 7th century BC. The Assyrians called them Gimmerai ; the Cimmerian king Teushpa was defeated by Assarhadon of Assyria sometime between 681 and 668 BC.
In Islamic folklore, the Persian historian Muhammad ibn Jarir al-Tabari (c. 915) recounts a Persian tradition that Gomer lived to the age of 1000, noting that this record equalled that of Nimrod, but was unsurpassed by anyone else mentioned in the Torah., Traditional identifications, Gomer’s descendants, Josephus placed Gomer and the “Gomerites” in Anatolian Galatia: “For Gomer founded those whom the Greeks now call Galatians, but were then called Gomerites.” Galatia in fact takes its name from the ancient Gauls (Celts) who settled there. However, the later Christian writer Hippolytus of Rome in c. 234 assigned Gomer as the ancestor of the Cappadocians, neighbours of the Galatians. Jerome (c. 390) and Isidore of Seville (c. 600) followed Josephus’ identification of Gomer with the Galatians, Gauls and Celts. The Cimbri were a tribe settled on Jutland peninsula in Germania (now Denmark) ca. 200 BC, who were variously identified in ancient times as Cimmerian, Germanic or Celtic. In later times, some scholars connected them with the Welsh people, and descendants of Gomer. Among the first authors to identify Gomer, the Cimmerians, and Cimbri, with the Welsh name for themselves, Cymri, was the English antiquarian William Camden in his Britannia (first published in 1586). In his 1716 book Drych y Prif Oesoedd, Welsh antiquary Theophilus Evans also posited that the Welsh were descended from the Cimmerians and from Gomer; this was followed by a number of later writers of the 18th and 19th centuries. This etymology is considered false by modern Celtic linguists, who follow the etymology proposed by Johann Kaspar Zeuss in 1853, which derives Cymry from the Brythonic word *Combrogos (“fellow countryman”). The name Gomer (as in the pen-name of 19th century editor and author Joseph Harris, for instance) and its (modern) Welsh derivatives, such as Gomeraeg (as an alternative name for the Welsh language) became fashionable for a time in Wales, but the Gomerian theory itself has long since been discredited as an antiquarian hypothesis with no historical or linguistic validity. According to tractate Yoma, in the Talmud, Gomer is identified as the ancestor of the Gomermians, modern Germans. In 1498 Annio da Viterbo published fragments known as Pseudo-Berossus, now considered a forgery, claiming that Babylonian records had shown that Comerus Gallus, i.e. Gomer son of Japheth, had first settled in Comera (now Italy) in the 10th year of Nimrod following the dispersion of peoples. In addition, Tuiscon, whom Pseudo-Berossus calls the fourth son of Noah, and says ruled first in Germany/Scythia, was identified by later historians (e.g. Johannes Aventinus) as none other than Ashkenaz, Gomer’s son. Gomer’s descendants Three sons of Gomer are mentioned in Genesis 10, namely, Ashkenaz, Riphath (spelled Diphath in I Chronicles), Togarmah, Children of Ashkenaz was originally identified with the Scythians (Assyrian Ishkuza), then after the 11th century, with Germany., Ancient Armenian and Georgian chronicles lists Togarmah as the ancestor of both people who originally inhabited the land between two Black and Caspian Seas and between two inaccessible mountains, Mount Elbrus and Mount Ararat respectively., According to Khazar records, Togarmah is regarded as the ancestor of the Turkic-speaking peoples. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Gomer
Togarmah – Togarmah: (1.) A son of Gomer, and grandson of Japheth (Gen 10:3). (2.) A nation which traded in horses and mules at the fairs of Tyre (Eze 27:14; 38:6); probably an Armenian or a Scythian race; descendants of (1). Hitchcock’s Bible Names Dictionary, Togarmah: which is all bone, International Standard Bible Encyclopaedia, Togarmah: to-gar’-ma (~togharmah]; Thorgama, Thergama, Thurgama, Thurgaba; Vulgate (Jerome’s Latin Bible, 390-405 A.D.) Thorgoma): 1. Its Forms: A Suggested Identification: The 3rd son of Gomer, and grandson of Japheth, his brothers being Ashkenaz and Riphath (Ge 10:3). The meaning of the name is doubtful. Grimm (Gesch. deutsch. Sprache, II, 325) suggests Sanskr. toka, “tribe,” and arma = Armenia. Etymological and other difficulties stand in the way of French Delitzsch’s identification of Togarmah with the Assyrian Til-garimmu, “hill of Garimmu,” or, possibly, “of the bone-heap,” a fortress of Melitene, on the borders of Tabal (Tubal). 2. Probably Armenia or a Tract Connected Therewith: In Eze 27:14 Togarmah is mentioned after Tubal, Javan and Mesech as supplying horses and mules to the Tyrians, and in 38:6 it is said to have supplied soldiers to the army of Gog (Gyges of Lydia). In the Assyrian inscriptions horses came from Kusu (neighborhoed of Cappadocia), Andia and Mannu, to the North of Assyria. Both Kiepert and Dillmann regard Togarmah as having been Southeastern Armenia, and this is at present the general opinion. The ancient identification of their country with Togarmah by the Armenians, though correct, is probably due to the Septuagint transposition of “g” and “r” (Thorgama for Togarmah), which has caused them to see therein the name of Thorgom, father of Haik, the founder of their race (Moses of Khor, I, 4, secs. 9-11). Eze 27:14 (Swete) alone has “g” before “r”: Thaigrama. The name “Armenia” dates from the 5th century BC. Written by T. G. Pinches, See ARMENIA, See TABLE OF NATIONS, Nave’s Topical Bible, Togarmah: Son of Gomer, Gen 10:3; 1Ch 1:6, Togarmah: Descendants Of, Eze 27:14; 38:6, Smith’s Bible Dictionary, Togarmah: a son of Gomer, of the family of Japheth, and brother of Ashkenaz and Riphath (Genesis 10:3). His descendants became a people engaged in agriculture, breeding horses and mules to be sold in Tyre (Ezekiel 27:14). They were also a military people, well skilled in the use of arms. Togarmah was probably the ancient name of Armenia. https://www.blueletterbible.org/search/dictionary/viewTopic.cfm?topic=ET0003690,HT0002472,IT0008835,NT0004947,BT0004264
Magog Revisited Updated Briefing: by Chuck Missler • August 1, 2006
The Magog Invasion: An Alternative View, A Surprise in Psalm 83? by Chuck Missler • April 1, 2010
“The only true barrier to truth is the presumption that you already have it.”